In this district, Early man tribes abundantly found in Gond, Kanwar, Teli, Kalar, Kamar and Bhujiya tribes. Of these, the major tribes have information as follows:
Gond tribe is found in the entire district. It is the largest tribe of the other tribes. It is believed that this tribe belongs to the Dravidian descent. In fact, the word “foul” is made up of Telugu (code word). This means the mountain. There are a total of 30 branches of Gond. Among them, Amat Gond is mainly involved. Its most popular tribe is Netam, Marakam, Comrra, Kunjam, Mandavi, Manjhi, Tikam etc.
Marriage of Gond Tribes-
In the Gond Tribe, the permission for the marriage is taken from Boy and Girl in Bagheli Marriages rituals. In this ritual, the girl comes away from her lover’s house, and this marriage takes place under a certain social trend. On the occasion of marriage in the tribe of Gond, now the Girl’s Family comes to the house of the boy with a procession and then such marriage is called Patthoni-Marriage.
Chad Marriage – Chad Marriage goes to the bride’s house with a bridegroom procession in practice.
In this marriage ritual, the Boys stay in his in-laws’ house. This service is found in the tribal form of marriage. Under the preferential marriage prevailing in the tribes, it is said maternal cousin and paternal cousin the girl ritual is called “Dudh Lautawa”. The
Abduction marriage prevailing in the tribe are called ‘Piesotur’ in the tribe of Gondi tribe.
Economy of Gonds-
A species of gonds, hill villagers today also do the convertible farming. This is called Dhariya or Beewar Agriculture in the local dialect. The main god of the Gond tribe is Dulhadev, Bheddev, Nagdev, Narayana Dev. The Gond species is originally considered an upright species. Its social, cultural life is advanced and cultured.
Boys in this tribe are usually married at the age of 18-19 and girls usually married in the age of 16-17 years of age. The priority of the girl’s marriage is given to maternal cousin and paternal cousin. The marriage proposal is from the boy’s side. Once the marriage is fixed from the “Groom” side the rice, lentils and cash are given in the form of “Sook” to the “Bride” in the sense of (bride value). In the normal marriage Ghuravata “lamasena (Son – in- law ) who stays in the wife’s house ritual is also popular. Pethu (bribe) Uhria (Sahapalayan) gets social acceptance after the social punishment. Widow re-marriage, rehearsal (wearing bangles) is recognized. Widowed sister-in-law can wear bangles for brother – in- law.
Bhunjia tribe lacks “Purdah System”, but father-in-law and daughter-in-law do not talk directly and talk with any symbol or cover. In a relation among all the Daughter – in – law, the wife of the younger brother in the elderly is considered sacred and in the same way as the public
Costumes & Jewellery –
Men of Kamar and Bhujiya tribes as apparel/clothing Pancha(Small Dhoti) and Saluka, women as Lugra, Polkha etc. wear in daily use. But the lady of the Bhujiya tribe still wear less robes. People in the Kamar and Bhujiya tribe daily use fake silver (gilt) jewellery as cigars in the nose, ears, hands, wrists, waist and feet as follows:
- Lugara & Polka – Are the women’s dominant apparel. It is usually made of cotton.
- Dhoti & Sadri – Are the men’s dominant apparel.
- Gamchha – Mens are poured into the throat almost one metre cloth to use it as rural towels.
- Phooli – Women wear Phooli for beauty by doing holes in the nose.
- Kardhan – Women are worn by it in the groin.
- Bichhiya – Married women wear it for the beauty of the feet.
- Per Patti – Women’s jewelry to be worn in heels.
- Baju Bandh – Girls and women wear it in the arm.
- In the ear – Khinwa, Jhumka, Baari.
- In the nose – Phooli, Nathni.
- In the throat- Bandha, Rosary of Coin, Suta.
- In the arms – Pahuchi (Bajubandh).
- In the wrist – Eithi.
- Fingers in hand – Mundari (Ring).
- In the groin – Kardhan.
- In the foot – Lachchha, Pairpatti, Chura, Paijan.
- In Toes – Bichiya, Chutka.